If I remember right, they left the dwarfism intact when they first used Laron syndrome for cosmonauts. Chemical rockets. Smaller cosmonauts, smaller crew support systems.
That must have been tough for the parents. Knowing that even after the modifications, only one out of five hundred would actually be going into space.
A lot of the people who volunteered were poor. Even if their children didn't make the final cut, they still got the training. They became doctors and engineers and support crew. For many families, it was their ticket out of poverty.
Yes, but there are still good arguments over how much control a parent should have over their kid's life, especially when that control goes down to the genetic level.